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XML external entity (XXE) processing ('external-parameter-entities' feature was not fully disabled))

Moderate severity GitHub Reviewed Published Jan 31, 2020 in checkstyle/checkstyle • Updated Apr 19, 2022

Package

com.puppycrawl.tools:checkstyle (Maven)

Affected versions

< 8.29

Patched versions

8.29

Description

Due to an incomplete fix for CVE-2019-9658, checkstyle was still vulnerable to XML External Entity (XXE) Processing.

Impact

User: Build Maintainers

This vulnerability probably doesn't impact Maven/Gradle users as, in most cases, these builds are processing files that are trusted, or pre-vetted by a pull request reviewer before being run on internal CI infrastructure.

User: Static Analysis as a Service

If you operate a site/service that parses "untrusted" Checkstyle XML configuration files, you are vulnerable to this and should patch.

Note from the discoverer of the original CVE-2019-9658:

While looking at a few companies that run Checkstyle/PMD/ect... as a service I notice that it's a common pattern to run the static code analysis tool inside of a Docker container with the following flags:

--net=none \
--privileged=false \
--cap-drop=ALL

Running the analysis in Docker has the advantage that there should be no sensitive local file information that XXE can exfiltrate from the container. Additionally, these flags prevent vulnerabilities in static analysis tools like Checkstyle from being used to exfiltrate data via XXE or to perform SSRF.
- Jonathan Leitschuh

Patches

Has the problem been patched? What versions should users upgrade to?

Patched, will be released with version 8.29 at 26 Jan 2020.

Workarounds

Is there a way for users to fix or remediate the vulnerability without upgrading?

No workaround are available

References

For more information

If you have any questions or comments about this advisory:

References

@romani romani published the maintainer security advisory Jan 31, 2020

Severity

Moderate
5.3
/ 10

CVSS base metrics

Attack vector
Network
Attack complexity
Low
Privileges required
None
User interaction
None
Scope
Unchanged
Confidentiality
Low
Integrity
None
Availability
None
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N

Weaknesses

CVE ID

CVE-2019-10782

GHSA ID

GHSA-763g-fqq7-48wg

Source code

No known source code

Credits

Checking history
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